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轮机长面试的一些问题

来源: 时间:2017-05-22 作者: 浏览量:

1.Can you tell something about your last ship? What types (brands) of main engine have you ever experienced?

On my last ship, I mainly focus on such details as the type of engineDOOSAN MAN B&W 8K90MC-C, 36560 KW. Gross tonnage is 39906/net tonnage is 24504,sailing from India Sea to Europe.

I have experience with several different types of main engine, such as Sulzer, MAN B&W, and UEC etc.

2. What abilities should a Chief Engineer possess?

First, I think it is very important for a Chief Engineer to be skillful and proficient at work. Second, he should maintain good management in the engine department. Third, he should be able to try to motivate every person under his management by assigning jobs fairly among them. Fourth, he needs to be good in English and language communication. Last, it is very important for a Chief Engineer to have work spirit and to maintain good relationship with the Master, the technical superintendent and other personnel from company, First Engineer and the Chief Officer. Above all, he should listen to orders or instructions from the Master in most cases.

上面的答案仅供参考。

3.What were the consumption volume of cylinder lube oil and fuel oil in your previous ship?

For your reference:

The main engine consumption volume of fuel oil about 80-95 tons per day and cylinder oil about 300-400 liters per day depending on the RPM and the sea condition. Normally speaking, the consumption rate of cylinder lube oil for main engine is 0.8-1.2 gram/hour/horse powers, while the fuel oil consumption rate can be roughly about 120-140 gram/hour/horse power.

4. Can you please describe in detail the bunkering procedures?

I should make a bunkering plan firstly according to the ship owner’s instructions and then report the plan to the Master for approval.

Secondly, a bunkering meeting should be held to specify the responsibilities of crew during the procedure.

Thirdly, preparations of the following like plugs, extinguishers, drum, alarms, communication means,fuel oil system graphics (drawing) should be made.

Fourthly, I should order the Third Engineer to measure the oil volume in the supplier’s tanks and record the flow meter figures.

Bunkering starts after all is ready. I should order the duty engineer to take sounding all the time, especially at the beginning and at the end of bunkering each tank. My duty engineers should pay attention to the oil pressure, the temperature and the oil sample to be taken and used as evidence in the future. By the way, the engineer in charge should note that one more bottle of sample oil needs to be taken that will be stored in the vessel for three years to meet MARPOL VI requirement.

Lastly, I should not sign the receipts, regardless of any delay, until quantities of the bunkered oil are confirmed. I should also note down any dispute over the quantity or adverse specifications of bunkers taken on the receipt and advise the company.

I should bear the following precautions in my mind during bunkering.

Before bunkering, I need to make sure that all scuppers are plugged and cemented. I should stop ballasting, de-ballasting and taking fresh water on board whilst bunkering, if possible. If I have to do all the jobs together, I should take all care to prevent an overflow of water and fuel oil. If the decks become awash due to such water overflow or rain, then bunkering should be stopped whilst the scuppers are being drained.

5. Please tell me the minimum safe oxygen percentage for the safety of the workers in an enclosed space. Please describe the procedures of entry into and work in enclosed spaces.

More than 18% and no more than 23% of oxygen in an enclosed space will be OK for the safety of the workers.

The procedures are as follows:

First, I should prepare an entry permit to be signed by the Master.

Second, before entry is allowed, all the relevant manholes should be opened for ventilation.

Third, the air and surrounding of the enclosed space should be tested to see whether it is safe.

Fourth, necessary equipment like the fire extinguisher, lights, communication equipments should be carried by the crew when entering.

Fifth, before entry into an enclosed space, a meeting regarding the work procedure should be held.

Lastly, when someone is working in an enclosed space, good communication between the crew inside and the crew outside should be maintained and the emergency rescue team should stand by for any rescue work.

When entering, at least one of the crew inside is to do the lookout job. During the crew’s stay in the space, ventilation should be continuously on to provide enough oxygen.

6. What is a “Bunkering Plan”?

A bunkering plan is made according to the owner or charterer’s order, voyage plan, and capacity of the tank, oil ROB, and so on. A bunkering plan is made by the Chief Engineer and approved by the Master and the company.

Generally, the volume of the bunkered oil shouldn’t exceed 85% of tank capacity.

7. What will you do if the oil supplied by the oil company is less than the agreed amount after bunkering?

Receipts should not be signed, regardless of any delay, until quantities are confirmed by all parties concerned. Any dispute over the quantity or adverse specifications of bunkers taken shall be noted on the fuel receipt and the company should be advised accordingly.

因为该问题涉及到船东的切身利益,所以他们提问较多。

8. Did you ever encounter any mechanic problem on board your previous vessels? How did you handle them? (It is suggested to answer this question frankly and honestly.)

The last vessel I worked on is even a new vessel, but some problems will happened. One time, before entering SUEZ canal at SUEZ anchorage, the main engine can not be started, after checking, found the pilot valve 33# sticking. Another time, No.1 G/E unit 5 crankcase door exploding and after checking, found unit 5 piston head bolts broken and sticking in the cylinder liner.

9. The ISM Code requires preventive maintenance schedules. How do you make your maintenance schedules?

According to the ISM Code, the preventive maintenance plan is made based on the ship’s “Planed Maintenance System” and the machinery running hour records. This plan should be made on an annual basis (or a five-year basis). Usually, the monthly maintenance schedule is made based on the annual preventive maintenance plan and the basic occasional maintenance work.

10. Have you ever been to the US ports? Are you familiar with the USCG inspections?

(Some of the useful words you may use when you answer the question:

US ports: New York, New Orleans, San Francisco, Tampa, Houston, Mississippi River, etc.

USCG: refer to the US coast guards.

The most important thing in US is the sanitation (hygiene). Besides, fire fighting equipments (FFE) and life saving apparatus (LSA) and training drills must be well prepared for check.)

美国对防污染非常重视,对油类记录簿的检查相当严格,若发现做假,罚款非常重。

11. What do you know about “SOPEP”?

SOPEP means Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan. The SOPEP should contain (but not limited to) the following contents.

(1) Procedures to be followed by the Master or other crew in case of oil pollution.

(2) Pollution reporting system and the authority or persons to be contacted in the event of pollution including the telephone numbers etc.

(3) Detailed description of actions to be taken immediately by persons on board to reduce or control the discharge of oil after the incident.

(4) List of oil spill response equipment to be maintained and prepared on board. (Removers, sprayer, oil absorbent, saw dust, sand, waste rags, scoop, shovels, buckets, bamboo brooms, portable pump, protective clothing, portable containers,). The essence of the Plan is to avoid any possible oil leakage and oil pollution.

Simply speaking, SOPEP should include such things as the emergency contacts (telephone and other communication means, address etc), the equipment used in dealing with oil pollution, the muster list for oil pollution, the report procedure when the accident happens etc.

SOPEP is compulsory on board most of the ships according to the ISM code. IOPP is the certificate for the vessel that is qualified for the requirement issued by the Class on oil pollution prevention.

12. What are the possible causes of crankshaft failure?

Too big or too small clearance between bush and shaft is one of the most possible reasons. Other reason includes material problem, dirtiness of the lube oil, uneven loading in each cylinder, bad lubricating, and deformation of frame and bedplate.

13. What actions should be taken when there is oil overflow on deck during bunkering?

The following procedures should be taken:

(1)Stop pumping and other operation first;

(2)Ring the alarm immediately;

(3)Crew should come to their respective position and take actions immediately according to the SOPEP;

(4)If there is a possibility of fire, the Muster list for fire should be followed;

(5)After finishing all the actions, records should be made on what has happened;

(6)Draw lessons from the incident to avoid future reoccurrence of the same kind of incident.

14. Explain the important things when you take over from the previous Chief Engineer.

在和前任轮机长交接工作时需要注意什么?

I shall familiarize myself with the following when I take over the job from the previous C/E。

(1)The engine department personnel;

(2) The SMS manuals and other documents on board;

(3) Conditions of the vessel, the engine and equipment to see whether there are any problems left;

(4) Any outstanding claim and incident reports in the service period of the previous Chief engineer should be cleared;

(5) Engine logbook;

(6) The ROB volume of the fuel oil, the diesel oil, lube oil and chemicals;

(7) CMS survey items;

(8) PMS overdue items and relevant reports.

After finishing all the items in the checklist for handover, we two shall sign our names for evidence, one copy of which with the signature of the master shall be sent to the company.

15. Please explain what the Chief Engineer’s Standing Order is? What does Night Order include?

请简要说轮机长常备命令和夜航命令的情况。

The chief engineer standing order is basically the Chief Engineer’s own set of instructions and orders for the operation of the engine department. The orders should include any particular operating procedures that the Chief Engineer wishes to emphasize to the engineers on duty. The set of standing order and procedures must include the following:

Operating procedures for main engine;

Operating procedures for auxiliary engines;

Watch procedures;

UMS procedures;

When to call the Chief Engineer;

Emergency shutdown procedures;

Daily monitoring and log;

Arrival/Departure procedures;

Operation of steering gear and test procedures;

Bunkering procedures;

Safe procedures in the engine room;

Duties of junior engineers and ratings.

Different vessels may have different contents concerning the standing order of the Chief Engineer. But basically, the contents above should be covered. The Standing Order should be put in the engine control room and in the cabin of the Chief Engineer.

The night order should include such things as the warnings, lookout and when to call the Chief Engineer etc.. The C/E needs to prepare night order every night before he goes to sleep.

16. What is the UMS? Do you have any experience on UMS? Under what circumstances can the engine room not be operated in UMS way?

UMS means Unmanned (unattended) Machinery Space (无人值守机舱). I have experienced UMS on board one ship.

Under the following circumstances, the engine room cannot be operated in UMS way:

(1)When fire detection and extinguishing system are not fully operational;

(2)When main engine monitoring, control and alarm system are not fully operational;

(3)When key auxiliary equipment or its controls and alarm system are not fully operational;

(4)The instruction from the Master demands that the engine room is to be manned;

(5)When arrival/departure in port;

(6)During cargo operation, and on other occasions when the Chief Engineer determines that the engine room should remain manned.

17. When do you apply emergency shutdown procedures and what do you shut down?

什么时候启用紧急停止?

Emergency shutdown includes (1) main engine emergency shutdown, (2) ventilation emergency shutdown, and (3) fuel oil valves (quick-closing valve) emergency shutdown, (4) Sky light quick closing, (5) ventilator quick closing damper. Emergency shutdown are used when emergency situations (e. g. fire etc.) happens.

18. What do you the engine room safety procedures include?

The safety procedures include the procedures for maintenance work, overhaul and lifting subjects, high-location and multi-layer work (多层和高空作业),hull side work, hot work, entry into enclosed space, cleaning and painting, using steel bottle and so on.

19. Name some critical (important) equipment in the engine room on board your last vessel.

According to the SMS manuals of the company on board my last vessel, the following engines and machines are critical equipment: Steering gear, winch and windlass, emergency battery, generator and emergency generator, main engine, life-boat, fire extinguisher pump, oil water separator.

Different companies may name different critical equipment on board different ships. Anyway, critical equipment should be given full care in daily work and should be checked and recorded periodically.

20. Under what conditions is hot work not allowed?

Hot work is not allowed under the following conditions.

(1)During cargo operation when handling flammable cargoes unless the ship has obtained permission from terminal or port authority.

(2)During bunkering.

(3)In enclosed spaces or where atmosphere is suspicious.

(4)On the top of the oil tanks, or any bulkhead or deck bordering on oil tanks;

(5)When vessel is alongside;

(6)Some other occasions that the Chief Engineer and the Master think it not allowable.

(7)Under heavy weather conditions.

And some other situations where the master or the C/E thinks the hot work can bring about safety problems to the vessel and seaman.

21. What is ILO convention147 What is ISGOTTWhat is COLREGS 1972?

ILO Convention 147 is Merchant Shipping (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1976 (No. 147)(and its Protocol of 1996). This rule is made by the International Labor Organization Conference. In this Convention, the minimum internationally acceptable labor standards for seamen in merchant ships are stipulated. Convention No.147 requires the flag State to adopt minimum standards relating to safety, social security, and shipboard conditions of employment and living arrangements to be observed in merchant shipping registered under any flag.

ISGOTT means International safety Guidelines for oil Tankers and Terminals. COLREGS means Convention on international regulations for preventing collisions at sea. These two are normal publications on board the vessel.

22. How often did the superintendent of your last vessel come on board for inspection? How will you cooperate with the superintendent of the company in the future?

Twice a year. But for other vessels, the superintendent may come on the board more often than this. The superintendent come on board to check the ship’s maintenance, the crew and management situation on board and put forward some suggestions.

I will respect the superintendent and try to make his work easier. Besides, during his stay on board, I will discuss with him on some important matters concerning the maintenance of the machines and the management of the engine crew.

这是一个管理问题。和船公司机务主管配合好是件很很重要的事情,不管机务代表的建议是否完全正确,都要虚心倾听,否则,可能会导致船上高级管理人员的下岗。其实,很多主管都是很有经验的船长和轮机长,他们对公司的管理体系和船况了解非常清楚,往往会从他们那里学到很多有用的知识。

23. During bunkering, what flag should you hoist?

The B flag should be hoisted in the daytime and red lights at port sides should be turned on at night.

24. What are the possible reasons for the sudden stoppage of the main engine?

If the automatic control system (or the safety system) makes the shutdown of the main engine, there may have happened the following problems:

(1)Over-speed of the engine;

(2)Low lube oil pressure, and;

(3)If the stoppage is not because of the automatic system, then the stoppage of main engine could be due to :

(4)No electricity;

(5)The fact that emergency switch or valve has some problem;

The mechanic problem of the main engine.

However, if oil mist detector alarm may be on or if the cooling water may have got some problem (most engines have got high temperature alarm only), the main engine may slow down.

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